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SCP Context

Mongolia National Context for SCP and Connection to the Global Agenda

Mongolia is set to present its first Voluntary National Review (VNR) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the 2019 High-level Political Forum (HLPF) as part of its commitment to Agenda 2030. Mongolia has also participated in the UN Partnership for Action on Green Economy (UN-PAGE) since 2013. This eventually resulted in the Action Plan for implementation of the National Green Development Policy (NGDP) in 2016 and the adoption of the Sustainable Development Vision (SDV) 2030. In addition, the SWITCH-Asia Grants Programme previously implemented three projects between 2009 and 2013 while there are three more projects currently operating: STeP EcoLab, focusing on sustainable consumption and production in textiles; SWITCH Off Air Pollution, covering energy efficiency in the individual housing sector; and Recycling Building Materials, which enables SMEs to switch to resource efficient practices. 


  • Lack of continued mainstreaming in other development policies has hindered effective implementation of SCP-related policies.
  • Mongolia’s wealth in minerals and metal ores has resulted in the growth of its national economy being linked to the unsustainable extractive sector, putting pressure on the country to find more sustainable industries.
  • Resource efficiency is among the region’s lowest with 17 kilograms per USD versus a regional average of 3 kilograms per USD.
  • Public awareness of both environmental and financial advantages of resource and energy efficient improvements remains low while household access to finance also makes adoption of new technology difficult.


In addition to responding to the challenges, there are key sectors and activities that will promote overall effectiveness of SCP efforts and the long-term success of the SDG implementation including: 

  • Mongolia’s efficient use and sustainable management of natural resources has been recognized as a priority, especially as it relates to scarce resources such as water, which also faces pollution threats from intensive industrialization and mining.
  • Renewable energy and energy efficiency, particularly through the adoption of new technology, are important as industry expands and energy use increases, which will also have an effect on emissions.
  • Waste management improvements and waste reduction are both the objectives of Mongolia’s National Development Policy based on the Sustainable Development Goals. 
  • Sustainable and intensification agriculture practices are a national priority as modern, efficient food and agricultural systems can substantially increase production and competitiveness, resulting in improved rural livelihoods and long-term sustainability.
  • Sustainable tourism has become increasingly important as Mongolia’s tourism industry develops and has become clear that products and services that meet higher environmental standards improve its capacity to welcome tourists.
  • In addition to other benefits, the NGDP determined Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) to be an effective economic instrument to achieve green development along with other instruments such as tax and incentives.
  • Other priorities include Green urban building, manufacturing and eco-labelling.


  • SWITCH-Asia SCP Facility can support and strengthen the Millennium Development Goals-based Comprehensive National Development Strategy of Mongolia (2007-2021 NDS) and the National Green Development Policy (NGDP).
  • SWITCH-Asia SCP Facility can also facilitate policy dialogues within and between the Mongolian Government SCP-related bodies as well as organisations from civil society, academia and the private sector.
  • Providing technical assistance to Mongolia on SCP policy development and concentrating on key priorities such as sustainable housing, low carbon and less resource intensive production systems, alternative energy and heat supply, which will benefit from support in awareness raising, eco-innovation, sustainable public procurement and eco-labelling.
  • Seeking innovative finance models to support adoption of energy efficient technologies among households and industry will help move Mongolia away from unsustainable energy sources.

SWITCH-Asia Activities


SCP Facility 

  • Preliminary assessment of SCP related policies, activities, needs/gaps, and opportunities.


SCP Facility

  • A concept note with specific actions and timeline was prepared;
  • Capacity building for decision and policy-makers in developing policy frameworks for SCP;
  • Support the uptake of eco-innovation programmes and SCP incentives schemes targeting MSMEs. 

Regional Policy Advocacy Component (RPAC)

  • Participation to regional and sub-regional events. 


SCP Facility

Collaboration with the National Focal Point and the Ministry of Environment Mongolia to implement the following activities: 

  • SCP Baseline Study: Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) in Mongolia Enhancing Knowledge and Awareness Raising on Policies, Instruments and Practices (2020) developed 
  • Preparation of a Guideline for the National SCP Roadmap
  • Training Workshops on SCP and SPP 
  • Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) Action Plan developed 
  • Conducted capacity building workshops on the assessment and SCP knowledge management plan, and Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) Action Plan. 
  • First set of SPP criteria for three selected product groups prepared in close cooperation with concerned government agencies and stakeholders
  • On greening supply chains, provide advisory services and trainings for the selected three SMEs/MSMEs to incorporate sustainability into operations and processes and prepare case study report and policy briefs
  • Provided advisory services and trainings for the selected three SMEs/MSMEs to incorporate sustainability into operations and processes and prepare case study report and policy brief 


Regional Policy Advocacy Component (RPAC)

Facilitated the participation of Mongolian key-stakeholders in the following regional activities:


Facilitated the participation of Mongolian key-stakeholders in the following regional activities:

Grants Projects