This report demonstrates that changes in consumption patterns and dominant lifestyles are a critical and integral part of the solutions package to addressing climate change. However, so far, limited efforts have been made in the scientific literature and policy approaches to show the potential contribution that changes in lifestyles could make in keeping global warming within the limit of 1.5 °C as in the aspirational target of the Paris Agreement. The study conducted for this report is one attempt to fill that gap, and to begin to propose clear targets and quantifiable benefits to climate change solutions by making changes in our lifestyles.
This report has undertaken the challenge of examining GHG emissions and reduction potentials from consumption and lifestyles perspectives. Lifestyles of individuals consist of various elements of daily living including consumption relating to nutrition, housing, mobility, consumer goods, leisure, and services.