China is a fast developing economic region, especially the production of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) is rapidly growing. On the one hand these growing amounts of EEE causes severe environmental damages when not handled properly as waste, on the other hand post-consumer Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) contain many materials that are valuable when used as secondary raw materials in the production processes of electronics. In addition, the recycling of residual materials from the electronics production industry saves valuable resources. According to a 2009 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report, China already produces about 2.3 million tonnes of e-waste (2010 estimate) domestically, second only to the United States with about 3 million tonnes. And, despite having banned e-waste imports, China remains a major e-waste dumping ground for developed countries.
The overall objective of the action is to contribute to sustainable production for both Chinese producers of EEE and recyclers via promoting resource efficiency in order to lower the environmental impact of WEEE. Specific objectives include:
- Linking supply and demand of secondary raw materials in electronic production and recycling (chain approach);
- The development of an adequate recycling infrastructure for WEEE as post-consumer waste and secondary raw materials from electronic producing industry; and
- The development of a knowledge structure on Design for Recycling between the recyclers and the electronic producing industry.
The Way Forward
- Established the Electronic Waste Tracking System (e-WTS) Central Office within China’s National Solid Waste Management Centre (NSWMC) as central body;
- The e-WTS was included in the existing WTS for hazardous waste and thus it will be adapted and scaled-up;
- A business network was established by involving all stakeholders of the value-chain through the implementation of e-WTS and a Secondary Material Exchange Platform (SMEP);
- Strengthened the capacities of the target EEE producers on integrating concepts of Design for Recycling into the product designing, selecting of materials and technologies and production processes.
Duration:12/2011 – 7/2015
Total Budget:EUR 1,751,391 (EU Contribution: 80%)
Mr. Stefan Salhofer
Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna