The objective of this report is to provide an analysis of the current policy environment for garment production in Cambodia, applying a systems lens to identify challenges and opportunities for enhancing the sustainability of the sector. To maintain the competitiveness of Cambodia’s garment sector in the global market, a shift to sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns is both necessary and inevitable. SCP is conceived as a critical framework for achieving the social and economic benefits and minimizing the environmental burden of the garment sector in Cambodia. Accordingly, this policy analysis report focuses on key SCP requirements in Cambodia’s garment sector, such as use of sustainable inputs, efficient production processes, and waste management including solid waste and wastewater treatment. The report concludes with a set of policy recommendations focused on improving monitoring and enforcement of regulations, the sustainable use of resources, solid waste and wastewater treatment, and other SCP measures that are urgently needed in the garment sector in Cambodia.