Country components: Malaysia

Specific Information:

Duration: 02/2012 – 01/2016
Budget: EUR 2.0 million (EU funding)

Malaysian partners and target groups:

The SCP policy support project is coordinated by the Environment and Natural Resource Economic Section (SEASSA) of the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) which is the National Focal Point for SCP in Malaysia. Project activities are implemented in conjunction with 14 key government agencies that form the core working group including, e.g.:

In addition to the core members, the project involves over 120 stakeholders including:

  • Government (ministries, agencies, state and local government)
  • Industry representatives (chambers of commerce, industry federations and sector associations)
  • Consumer representatives (consumer groups, consumer associations)
  • NGOs, Universities and Research Institutes

International consultant team

  • GFA Consulting Group, Germany
  • adelphi, Germany
  • Williams Consulting, Malaysia

The Malaysian Context

Malaysia’s vision is to become a high income, developed nation which is inclusive and sustainable by 2020. This will enhance the quality of life and wellbeing of its people. Malaysia has the aspiration to be a global leader in the green revolution and has been advocating the sustainable consumption and production (SCP) concept for sustainable development and economic growth since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992.
This vision of Malaysia is a perfect match with the principles of SCP which aim to achieve:

  • an efficient and prosperous economy
  • a safe and healthy environment
  • a better quality of life 

SCP Malaysia objectives

The programme aims at up-scaling SCP best practices through strengthening the enabling policy environment (policy instruments mix) to address a change of behaviour and patterns in industry, of consumers, and in key economic sectors. SCP Malaysia aims to holistically align goals of economic growth, environmental protection and social inclusiveness into an integrated development concept. Thus, economic progress is set in an inseparable relation with environmental protection and social inclusion in the form of a triple bottom line, as stated in the goals of Malaysia’s New Economic Model (NEM).

"We must make every effort to ensure the sustainability of Malaysia’s socio-economic growth. Therefore it is critical and important that resources are utilized in a sustainable manner with consumers making smart and informed decisions. Besides public policy, effective coordination and implementation, is key to achieving these goals." (Mr. Azhar Noraini, Economic Planning Unit, Prime Ministers Department, Malaysia)

Main Result Area

The Main Result of the project will manifest itself in the form of a National SCP Blueprint and policy recommendations for the 11th Malaysia Plan and beyond. The Main Result Area rests on four project components like a roof on four pillars.

Component 1 – Effective Coordination of Malaysia’s SCP Agenda

This addresses SCP at the institutional level. Specific activities include: advancing EPU as the SCP focal point in Malaysia, coordinating various stakeholders for SCP, defining the current baselines and developing adequate SCP indicators and monitoring. Cross-cutting in its nature, this component also aims at coordinating SCP Communication, Education, and Public Awareness (CEPA). 

Component 2 – Addressing Industry to Change

The focus of this component is to identify policy options which can stimulate a switch for industry to become more sustainable. The component is adopting the life-cycle concept as a holistic approach and includes the formation of SCP working groups and consultations along each of the life cycle stages

Component 3 – Addressing Consumers to Change

The component focuses on key policy areas where consumers are addressed to switch unsustainable behaviour and patterns, again using the life cycle concept. The component deals with two major consumer groups, i.e. the government (including Government Green Procurement) and private households. 

Component 4 – Addressing Key Sectors of SCP

This component serves to screen the most relevant sectors to explore policy options to advance SCP in those sectors either due to their high impact on SCP (e.g. building, food, transport) or their strategic importance to the economy (e.g. tourism). 

Target Groups

The target groups of SCP Malaysia include:

  • Government (Federal, state and local)
  • Industry (large industries, SMEs, service providers, intermediaries)
  • Domestic Consumers (households and the public in general)
  • Students and Learners (pre-school, primary until higher education, technical and vocational training)


SCP Secretariat, Seksyen Ekonomi Alam Sekitar dan Sumber Asli (SEASSA), Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Prime Ministers Department (JPM), Block B5, Complex B, Presint 1, 62502 Putrajaya

Sustainable Consumption and Production In Malaysia

A baseline study of government policies, institutions and practices

The Study constitutes the first step in developing a National SCP programme to strengthen the country’s policy and institutional framework on SCP, and will lead to the formulation of a comprehensive National SCP Policy Framework. In the mid-term, SCP will be incorporated into the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP) whilst for the long-term, it is targeted that Malaysia will have a SCP Policy Blueprint to guide the nation along the principles of SCP.

The Study is structured in seven (7) chapters. Chapter 1 briefly explains the methodology, scope  and limitations of the Study and presents a framework of SCP-related objective and instruments assisting SCP implementation. Chapter 2 covers the mapping of the existing government institutional framework at the national level and existing platforms for the promotion of SCP. Chapter 3 deals with the mapping of existing policies in Malaysia having elements of SCP-related objectives. Chapter 4 goes into further detail on actual instruments proposed to implement the policy objectives at national/federal level. Chapter 5 examines the existing monitoring mechanisms and impact of the national policies. Chapter 6 provides key findings of the Study, and Chapter 7 concludes.

To download the "A baseline study of government policies, institutions and practices" please click here.